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Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations. View or edit your browsing history. Get to Know Us. The baseline Leopard 2, sometimes informally called the "A0" to differentiate it from later versions, was the first series manufactured version.
The vehicles were manufactured from October until March , altogether vehicles. Two chassis served as driver training vehicles. Minor modifications and the installation of the gunner's thermal sight  were worked into the second batch of vehicles Leopard 2 designated the A1; by Krauss-Maffei Chassis Nr. Deliveries of the 2A1 models started in March and ended in November The two most notable changes were the modification of the ammunition racks to be identical to those in the M1 Abrams, and redesigned fuel filters that reduced refuelling time. This batch included more minor changes that were later retrofitted to the earlier 2A1s.
This designation was given to upgraded vehicles of the first batch of Leopard 2s, brought up to the standard of the second and third batches. This modernisation gradually replaced the original PZB sights in the first batch with thermal sights for the EMES 15 as they became available. Furthermore, the upgrade included the fitting of filler openings and caps to the forward hull fuel tanks to allow separate refuelling, as well as the addition of a deflector plate for the periscope and a large coverplate to protect the existing NBC protection system.
Finally, the tank was given new five metre towing cables with a different position. The programme began in and ended in ; the third, fourth and fifth batches, which were produced during this period, had the same features. The modernised first batch can be recognised by the circular plate covering the hole where the cross-wind sensor for the fire-control system was removed. The fourth batch of vehicles; by Krauss-Maffei Chassis Nr. Even with these minor changes the new batch was known as the 2A3. The Leopard 2s were manufactured in eight batches between and All the older models were upgraded to 2A4 standard.
Until , Germany operated a total of 2, 2A4s newly built and the rest modified older versions , while the Netherlands had an additional tanks. This version included Swiss-built 7. Switzerland operated Pz 87 tanks. After , Germany and the Netherlands found themselves with large stocks of tanks that they had no need for after the Cold War.
These tanks were sold to NATO or friendly armies around the world. Among these buyers of the surplus tanks were Turkey purchasing vehicles , Greece , Sweden , Chile , Finland , Poland , Austria , Spain , Canada , Singapore 96 , Norway 52 , Denmark 51 , and Portugal The turret roof armour is improved and the smoke grenade launchers redesigned. Further improvements enhance survivability and combat capability, such as a turret electric drive similar to the Leopard 2A5, a driver rear-view camera, an independent weapons station for the loader, and enhanced command and control systems.
A remote weapons station containing a fully stabilised Mg 64 0.
The Leopard 2 is equipped with a fire protection system. It was this eccentric world that intrigued self-proclaimed vampire Manuela Ruda, the year-old German woman convicted last month along with with her husband, Daniel, 25, of hacking a friend to death. Jane's Tank Recognition Guide, 4th Edition. The Leopard 2NG Next Generation is a privately funded Turkish upgrade by Aselsan that includes the application of modular composite armour AMAP , upgraded optics, completely overhauled turret mechanics and a new fire control system on the work since and to be delivered by late , which is intended to be used on the new Altay MBT. In the English-speaking world, this form came into general use in the 18th century, joining Ann and Anne. The A5 entered service in German tank battalions in mid
The Leopard 2A4CHL also has improved roof and side turret armour and can be uplinked with Chile's battlefield control network. The first 20 were delivered in October ; of which just five were deployed to Afghanistan at the end of and operated until July , when combat operations stopped. The Leopard 2NG Next Generation is a privately funded Turkish upgrade by Aselsan that includes the application of modular composite armour AMAP , upgraded optics, completely overhauled turret mechanics and a new fire control system on the work since and to be delivered by late , which is intended to be used on the new Altay MBT.
It was developed without an order of the Turkish Army, but might meet the requirements for the modernization of the Turkish Leopard 2A4s. However, in Finland purchased 2A6 vehicles from the Netherlands. The Leopard 2 hull was also used for the Vickers Mk 7 main battle tank, which featured a British-designed turret, where some of the innovations later were incorporated into the Challenger 2 design. The Leopard 2 chassis is also larger, thus providing a more stable firing platform for the Marksman turret to operate from.
These spaced armour modules defeat a hollow charge prior to reaching the base armour, and causes kinetic-energy penetrators to change direction, eroding them in the process; it does not form a shot-trap , since it does not deflect the penetrators outwards to hit the hull or turret ring. The gun mantlet was redesigned to accept the new armour.
The Leopard 2 Imp was then developed into the A5. There were also some improvements in the main armour composition.
The interior received spall liners to reduce fragments if the armour is penetrated. The frontal "heavy" third of the side skirts was replaced with a stronger type. The commander's sight was moved to a new position behind the hatch and it received an independent thermal channel. The gunner's sight was moved to the turret roof as opposed to the cavity in the front armour in previous models.
A heavier sliding driver's hatch was fitted. Turret controls went all-electric, increasing reliability and crew safety, as well as weight savings. The A5 entered service in German tank battalions in mid The Stridsvagn is a Swedish Army tank based on the Leopard 2 Improved, with units built, 91 of which were licence-produced in Sweden. The tank features increased armour on the turret top and front hull, and improved command, control and fire control systems. Externally, it can be distinguished from the Leopard 2A5 by the French GALIX smoke dispensers, different storage bins, and the much thicker crew hatches.
Results showed that the gun had high penetration values, and had a muzzle velocity of around metres a second, with potential to be increased further. The introduction of an autoloader reduced the tank's crew to three members, as a dedicated loader was no longer needed.
The gun's 32 rounds of ammunition were stored separate from the crew in a large compartment occupying the entire rear of the turret, in order to increase crew survivability in the event of a cook off. The turntable-style turret had the gun offset to the left side, due to the autoloader's lateral feeding of ammunition into the cannon breech.
The crew was protected by an armoured capsule and ballistic protection for the hull was to be improved; planned protection level of the KWS III upgrade was to be equal to or better than the Leopard 2A5. All German tank battalions of the "crisis intervention forces" are equipped with the A6. Canada purchased 20 Leopard 2A6s from the Netherlands. These were delivered in In January , Finland purchased L2A6s, as well as munitions, simulators, and a ten-year supply of reserve parts from the Netherlands.
The tanks are being delivered in batches between The Leopard 2A6M is a version of the 2A6 with enhanced mine protection under the chassis, and internal enhancements to improve crew survivability. The tanks were to be delivered between and Significant modifications include distinctive black boxes mounted on the rear of the turret bustle,  and stand-off slat armour. The loaned German tanks will be kept by the Canadian Forces and may be further upgraded, while ex-Dutch Leopard 2A6s were modified to German Leopard 2A6M specifications and used as restitution for the loaned tanks.
The Leopard 2E is a derivative of the 2A6, with greater armour protection,  developed under a programme of co-production between the defence industries of Spain and Germany. The programme was developed within the frame of collaboration decided in between the Defence Ministries of both countries, in which also was included the cession of use by a period of five years of Leopard 2A4 from the German Army to the Spanish Army.
However, this cession was extended up to , and after that those tanks will be the sole property of the Spanish Army, as has been made public on 24 January , then having been paid a total of 15,, euros in ten yearly installments, giving the Spanish co-ownership from In , the Spanish government agreed to contract tanks of the Leopard 2E line, 16 recovery tanks Leopard 2ER Bufalo and 4 training vehicles. The programme, with a budget of 1, Deliveries of the first batch began in The new Leopard 2 PSO Peace Support Operations variant is designed specially for urban warfare , which had been encountered in peacekeeping operations with increasing frequency.
Therefore, the Leopard 2 PSO is equipped with more effective all-around protection, a secondary weapons station, improved reconnaissance ability, a bulldozer blade, a shorter gun barrel for manoeuvring on urban streets at the expense of fire range , non-lethal armament, close-range surveillance ability through camera systems , a searchlight and further changes to improve its perseverance and mobility in a built-up non-wide open area. A total of 20 vehicles are provided for converting. The weapon system is adapted for firing HE ammunition. It is also fitted for, but not with, additional passive side protection armour.
The last tank remains as a reference vehicle at KMW. The mobility, sustainability and situational awareness have also been improved. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
When confronting the German Colonel Kettman, he admitted that PT19 the mobility test-bed was not fitted with any special armour. Orr Kelly claims that the Leopard 2AV would have weighed 64 short tons instead of the However the weight value claimed by Orr Kelly does not match the actual weight of a Leopard 2 fitted with special armour nor does it match the weight mentioned in US documents from the evaluation. Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 12 October Leopard 2 sein Werden und seine Leistung.
Retrieved 22 February Kampfpanzer Entwicklungen der Nachkriegszeit in German.
Das Waffensystem Kampfpanzer Leopard 2 in German. Retrieved 16 December Kampfpanzer heute und morgen: Konzepte - Systeme - Technologien in German. Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 29 March Below The Turret Ring blog. Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 10 January Germany Selling Heavy Armor to the Saudis? Archived from the original PDF on 5 June Entwicklung und Einsatz in der Bundeswehr [ Leopard main battle tank 2. Development and German Army Service ] in German.
Tankograd Publishing — Verlag Jochen Vollert. Leopards, too, for Canada". Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 8 January Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 9 January Archived from the original PDF on 25 February Grand Prairie Daily Herald-Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 27 October The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 15 December Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 30 September Alle danske soldater er nu tilbage i deres respektive lejre i Helmand provinsen" in Danish.
Archived from the original on 17 October Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 26 December Retrieved January 21, We captured Turkish tanks in Syria battle".
Verifying Euphrates Shield Vehicle Losses - bellingcat". Jane's Armour and Artillery Leopard 2 sein Werden und seine Leistung in German. Books on Demand GmbH. Feuerkraft und Panzerung im Vergleich in German. Leopard 2" in German. Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 12 May Leopard 2 A5 - Euro-Leopard 2. Gary's Combat Vehicle Reference Guide. Retrieved 15 May Kampfpanzer Heute und Morgen in German. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 14 May Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank — Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 7 November Jane's Tank Recognition Guide, 4th Edition.
Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 13 May Main Battle Tank, The Oxford companion to military history. Retrieved 4 April New York, United States of America: Archived from the original on 23 April Retrieved 1 April Archived from the original on 20 April Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 15 November Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 28 December Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original PDF on 5 October Retrieved 2 December The Leopard 2 chassis also provides a much increased mobility over the older TAM chassis, both on roads and in the field.
Archived from the original PDF on 8 October B 31 May Retrieved 12 November Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 6 July Archived from the original on 18 April Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 20 November Retrieved 25 July Archived from the original on 26 February Archived from the original on 15 September Jane's Military Vehicles and Logistics.
Retrieved 17 January Retrieved 31 December Archived 27 December at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 20 February Archived from the original on 6 July Department of National Defence, Canada. Retrieved 16 July Pioneerien uudet ajoneuvot panevat vauhtia maavoimiin Berlin genehmigt Verkauf von Panzern nach Indonesien".
Buy Die Leopardin: Roman (German Edition): Read 1 Kindle Store Reviews - grapplingindo.com Die Leopardin (German Edition) [Ken Follett] on grapplingindo.com Start reading Die Leopardin: Roman (German Edition) on your Kindle in under a minute.
Retrieved 10 May Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 29 August